The balance of payments records the economic transactions occurring in a given period of time between residents and non-residents and implying a change of ownership of goods or financial assets, the provision of services, the transfer of labour and capital income and unilateral transfers. 

The Bank of Italy compiles the balance of payments on a monthly basis in accordance with the methodological conventions established by the sixth IMF Manual (BPM6) and publishes the data in its website (statistical publications and statistical database).

The compilation criteria are reported in "Italy's balance of payments and international investment position manual" in the “Analysis and Methodology” section.