Riccardo Cristadoro was born in Mede (Pavia) on 12 November 1964.

He graduated in Economics at the University of Pavia; he then obtained his Doctorate in Economics at the same University in 1996 and an MSc at UCSD.

He joined the Research Department (now the Directorate General for Economics, Statistics and Research) of Banca d'Italia in 1997, where he worked on macroeconomic forecasting and short-term analysis with a focus on inflation dynamics. He was a visiting scholar at Harvard University for the academic year 2002-2003. In 2011, he moved to the International Relations and Economics Directorate, where he was appointed Head of the Emerging Economies and International Trade Division the following year. In 2017, he was a member of the Directorate's managerial team, where he monitored G7 and G20 activities, coordinating the Bank's preparatory work and taking part in the relative international meetings.

From December 2019 to February 2021 he was Economic Advisor to the Italian Prime Minister and was on the Committee of social and economic experts (set up by the Prime Ministerial Decree of 10 April 2020), chaired by Vittorio Colao, to study and draw up recovery plans following the pandemic and to relaunch the Italian economy. He then collaborated on the drafting of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan and liaised with the European Commission. From February 2021 until September 2022, he was Economic Advisor to the Minister of Economy and Finance.

He was appointed Deputy Head of the International Relations and Economics Directorate and became the Head in September 2022.

His publications are available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Riccardo-Cristadoro and  https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Riccardo-Cristadoro.