The seminar focuses on a broad range of activities related to the back-office function and aims at sharing best practices in the post-trading phase of central bank monetary policy operations and investment transactions. The settlement process for different financial instruments is thoroughly examined, as well as issues related to accounting and to the relationship with custodians. Specific sessions are dedicated to securities lending and collateral management and to the treatment of futures and interest rate swaps, as well as the related clearing issues. Finally, a specific session is devoted to IT platforms supporting the front-, middle- and back-office functions. The importance of a proper management of operational risk throughout the entire lifecycle of central banks’ financial transactions is a pivotal theme of the whole seminar.