Born in Bergamo on 2 October 1960, she graduated with honours in Economics from the University of Bergamo in 1984. She then received an M.Sc. and a PhD in Economics from the London School of Economics.

She joined the Bank of Italy in 1989, where she worked in the Research Department until 1999, first in the Sector and Region Analysis Unit and then in the Financial Flows Unit, of which she became head in 1997. In 1999 she moved to the Law and Economics Unit and in 2007 was appointed head of the Law and Economics Division, which was merged into the Research Department.

She has published articles on corporate governance, corporate finance, bankruptcy, economics of civil justice, and more generally on regulatory matters and gender issues. She has taught Industrial Organization and Corporate Governance courses at several Italian universities.
She served as economic advisor to the Italian Minister of Justice in 2012-2013 and has been economic and financial consultant to the Ministry since 2013.

She is a Research Associate of the European Corporate Governance Institute and a member of the Executive Board of the Italian Society of Law and Economics and of the OECD Committee on Corporate Governance. She sits on the Bank of Italy's Equal Opportunity Committee.

On 27 January 2014 she was appointed head of the Consumer Protection and Anti-Money Laundering Directorate.